Imagine a future where your refrigerator can buy groceries online. Where you can control your oven with your phone. Where robots on opposite sides of the globe can communicate with each other to complete their tasks more efficiently and intelligently.
There’s no need to imagine; this future is already here, thanks largely to a technological revolution called the Internet of Things (IoT). In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the hottest IoT trends of 2019.
What is IoT?
Let’s start from the beginning.
The internet was initially developed so people could use computers to send and receive data instantaneously over great distances, then store that data in a mutually accessible location. The key word here is people. In the early days of the internet, humans could only conceive of this network as something we could control using our devices as tools.
However, as technology like artificial intelligence (AI) began to emerge, experts started to realize that the true potential of the internet went far beyond humans. What if computers, robots, and even everyday appliances could use the internet autonomously to communicate with each other?
You might be surprised to learn that this idea has been around since the ‘90s. Soon after it was conceived, a technologist named Kevin Ashton coined the term “Internet of Things.” From that point, the first Internet of Things trends began to gain momentum.
How Does the Internet of Things Work?
Things interact with the internet in the same way humans do. Nowadays, anything equipped with the right tools can use the Internet of Things to access information or communicate with other objects without any explicit human intervention. Computers, robots, appliances, and other digital devices use IoT for three main reasons.
The three main reasons things use the IoT:
- To send information
- To receive information